Myanmar officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a Southeast Asian nation bordering China, Laos, Thailand, India and Bangladesh. It has an area of 676,552 square km (261,218 square miles) and a tropical monsoon climate in which the most pleasant weather throughout the year is usually from November to February, which is the cool and dry season, with average temperature about 70-80° Fahrenheit (21-27° Celsius). Formerly known as Burma, Myanmar has a total population of approximately 52 million with a wide diversity of ethnicities. Language is predominantly Myanmar (Burmese) and English is also widely spoken as being once a British colony. Myanmar people are well-known as simple, friendly, gentle and generous.
The venue of 18th PRCP scientific meeting, Yangon (formerly Rangoon), is not only the country’s largest city but also the center of business of Myanmar. It is a dazzling city endowed with bustling markets, art gallaries, green parks and lakes, and the towering, gilded Shwedagon Pagoda which contains Buddhist relics and dates to the 6th century. More than to offer the impressive scenery, Yangon is one of the best places for exhibition of a multiplicity of tradition, culture and modernity, making it a worth-see for everyone who wants to explore a different side of Asia.
Myanmar serves as a home for many tourist destination sites such as the ancient city Bagan, the 19th-century Mandalay Royal Palace, Inle Lake of leg-rowing fishermen, Ngapali Beach Resort, Kyaikhteeyo Rock Mountain Pagoda and etc. Visitors will be pleasantly surprised to explore many places of interest keeping them busy during their stay. The amazing landmarks of spiritual value, museums of oriental art and beautiful gardens and resorts will provide an erudition of the majestic history and dignified culture of Myanmar.
Myanmar is the world's 40th largest country and the second largest country in Southeast Asia. It is renowned as a captivating destination filled with rich heritage and culture that is unique yet not overwhelmed with the global trends of modernity. With cultures and traditions being the pulsating vein, Myanmar is filled with plenty of fascinating cultural attractions that never fail to capture the heart of travellers.
Myanmar occupies the Thailand/Cambodia portion of the Indochinese peninsula. It is a land of hills and valleys and is rimmed in the north, east and west by mountain ranges forming a giant horseshoe. Enclosed within the mountain barriers are the flat lands of Ayeyarwady, Chindwin and Sittaung River valleys where most of the country's agricultural land and population are concentrated.
Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the eight main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine and Shan.
Burmese is the official language of Myanmar and also the mother tongue language. Hotel and tourist attractions staff is able to converse in English. You will find that many taxi drivers are able to speak some English too.
Myanmar culture has been heavily influenced by Buddhism and its neighbouring countries such as India, Thailand and China.
Myanmar Climate is a tropical monsoon type. The wet period stretches from May to October. However the wettest period would be the end of October.
The Burmese Kyat, indicated as MMK is the currency of Myanmar.
Notes are in denominations of Kt1000, 500, 200, 100. It can be exchanged for Kyats at market rates at authorized money changers and can be used in Myanmar only. Upon arrival at the airport, you will be able to find money changers.
Credit Cards are only accepted at major hotels, airlines and some international shops and restaurants. Usually a fee is charged for credit card transactions. You are recommended to bring adequate cash.
The electricity voltage in Myanmar is 230V, alternating at 50 cycles per second. Outlets in Myanmar generally accept 3 types of plug - Three round pins arranged in a triangle, two round pin and two parallel flat pins with ground pin.
In Myanmar, mobile phone usage can be used easily. You can buy the sim card at the airport. Most established hotels offer wifi access.
Tipping is generally not very common in Myanmar. Tipping for waiters, luggage porters, maids, bus drivers, taxi drivers and tour guide can be seen as a simple act of gratitude. Generally a 5% tip is appreciated for meal service (in kyat).
Visitors to Myanmar must hold a valid passport with entry visa. A tourist visa allows a stay of 28 days, extendable for an additional 14 days. A business visa allows a stay of 10 weeks, extendable up to 12 months on case-by-case basis. Infants and children also require a separate visa even traveling on parent's passport.
For more information on visa application, please visit: http://evisa.moip.gov.mm/
The conference provides an invitation letter to facilitate the application of visa. The delegate must register and pay fees in full prior to request for an invitation letter. Visa on arrival is available. However, the congress recommends that all delegates obtain a visa prior to arrival for ease of immigration clearance.
The conference will be held in Yangon, the largest city and most important commercial centre of Myanmar - hub of many attractions, landmarks and entertainments. You would find yourself drawn in by Yangon’s stunning landscape and rich culture unlike any others. Venture down the streets to explore the breath-taking cultural stupas and temples, colonial architectures and many hustling bustling local markets that you cannot miss! Shopping in Yangon can be found mainly at the renowned Bogyoke Aung San Market where shopping is easy and bargaining is acceptable. It is situated in the heart of Yangon, housing over 2,000 shops with a wide selection of locally made goods to high end luxury goods.
Mandalay is the historical old capital, a capital of Myanmar culture, Buddhist Sasana and Myanmar traditional arts and crafts, with the life span of one hundred and forty two years, a city which abounds in historical sites, cultural memorials and Buddhist edifices. Accordingly, it is the richest historical landmark next to Bagan. Despite the wonderful sound of its name, inviting associations to an archaic fairy tale kingdom, Mandalay is neither very old nor particularly beautiful. But Mandalay was the capital of the last, independent Burmese kingdom, which in 1886 was finally conquered by British colonial forces.
The city was named after the Mandalay Hill, which is situated at the northeast corner of the present city. The hill has for long been a holy mount and it is believed that Lord Buddha prophesied that a great city, metropolis of Buddhism, would be founded at its foot. It was King Mindon who fulfilled the prophecy. Mandalay today is a striking phenomenon composed of modern and classic images with the ancient cultural beauty of the royal palace and the moat surrounding it, and the natural impressionistic beauty of the Mandalay Hill, harmoniously added with new architectural phonography of modern houses and brick buildings.
The Inle Lake
Renowned for its scenic beauty and the unique leg-rowed traditional boats, the stunning Inle Lake is situated at the heart Shan Plateau, stretching about 14 miles long and 6 miles wide. The beauty of the Inle Lake does not only come from the nature, but also houses and villages located along the rim of the lake. Inle's most unusual feature is its extraordinary 'leg-rowing fishermen' who have developed an original, eccentric method of rowing their small boats with one leg. Floating gardens are built-up from strips of water hyacinth and mud, dredged from the lakebed. Villages, farms and monasteries perch over the water on stilts.
Naypyidaw hosted the South East Asian Games in 2013 and it is the new capital of Myanmar since 2005. Centrally located, it is 391 km from Yangon and 302 km from Mandalay, being easily accessible from all parts of the Union. The environs of Nay Pyi Taw comprise (8) townships. Nay Pyi Taw Airport is about 30 minutes from Nay Pyi Taw. All domestic carriers operate daily flights from Nay Pyi Taw to the commercial capital, Yangon, and the cultural capital Mandalay. Do not miss a chance to visit the remarkable destinations in Naypyidaw such as the National Herbal Park and Zoological Garden!